What Is Tanning? Most of us experience sunbathing as something very pleasant. The warmth and relaxation gives us a sense of well-being. But what is actually happening in the skin? The rays of the sun strike melanin pigments in the epidermis. These are darkened by the UVA rays in the light. The melanin pigments are formed by special cells lying deeper in the skin structure called melanocytes and then move with the surrounding cells to the surface. The darkened pigments absorb part of the sun’s rays and thus protect the deeper skin layers. The UVB range of the sun’s rays penetrates deeper into the skin and acts on the melanocytes themselves. These are then stimulated to form more pigments: thus creating the basis for a good tan. At the same time, the UVB rays cause the horny layer (the callus) to thicken. This thicker layer contributes towards protecting the skin.
Can I Up the Wattage? No! If your bed has 100w sunbed tubes, then you must stick to 100w, but if you want a faster performing tube, then you move across the range depending on how quick/slow you want the tanning time. Why? Because the tube is controlled by the sunbed ballast (control gear) in the sunbed, therefore if your sunbed has a 100w rated ballast and you put in 160w tubes - the output will still only be 100w. So you will end up spending more money on a higher wattage (160w) sunbed tubes that will only give out 100w pointless!
What is UVA and RUVA on the sunbed section? UVA is a standard sunbed tube. RUVA is a sunbed tube with a built in reflector, this is a quicker tanning tube. For this reason RUVA tubes are used on the top of canopy (lay down) sunbeds and UVA on the bottom due to them being less powerful and in a closer proximity to the user. The reflector (darker side of the tube) should be positioned to back of the machine.
Which way around do I put the RUVA tube? Hold the tube up to the window you will see half the tube is dark, this is the reflector, (the R in RUVA). This should be put towards the back of the sunbed, so the dark side against the back wall and the lighter side facing towards the tanning area. The Philips/Isolde Cleo logo should be facing you.
Sunbed Tubes with black ends. It is important to understand that the dark deposits at the ends of the lamps do not reduce the tanning power of the lamp. This is because they occur at the lamp ends in an area where little UV radiation is produced. Even when the lamp becomes very dark at the ends - there is virtually no influence on tanning effectiveness. Salon operators can greatly reduce “end darkening” by changing their lamp starters at regular, prescribed intervals.
Why do I have to replace my sunbed tubes if they still light up? Tanning lamps reach the end of their 'usable life' (when UV output has declined to a point where an effective tan cannot be obtained) much sooner than they reach the end of their physical life (when they stop lighting up). In other words, the lamp still lights, but it has lost its tanning effectiveness. All gas discharge lamps, and this includes general lighting as well as tanning lamps, depreciate in output as they are operated.
If I order sunbed tubes will you come and fit them? No, just supply.
The Sun Is Good For Us! The soothing effect of sunbathing stems not only from the warmth and relaxation experienced but also from the energising effect of bright light; everyone knows the good mood that only a sunny summer's day can bring. In addition, small doses of UVB promote metabolic processes and stimulate the formation of Vitamin D3.
The sun thus gives rise to a wealth of positive effects:
Tanning Without Burning – How Does That Work? The rays of the sun can, in addition to the desired tanning effect, also cause undesirable reddening of the skin, erythema – in its worse form, sunburn. For one-off sunbathing, the time required for tanning is actually longer than that required for skin reddening. Despite this, it is also possible to achieve a nice tan, without burning – quite simply by means of regular sunbathing. The reason for this is that the body reduces the preliminary stages of skin reddening relatively quickly, while the tan constantly builds itself up through repeated exposure. On the sunbed the exact intensity of the UV light is known. Consequently the tanning plan can be adjusted to ensure that the individual stops before burning starts and then that a good tan is built up through repeated exposure.
Reaction after one exposure
Reaction after three exposures each with 1/3 dose
Pre-Holiday Tanning. It’s the summer time and you may be planning to spend a lot of time outdoors on your summer holiday. Remember that it’s important to develop a base tan and schedule enough time to develop it gradually. Moderate exposure to ultraviolet light helps develop a natural barrier in the skin to protect the body from future exposures to UV light; it increases your tolerance to UV. Ultraviolet light stimulates the production of melanin which then surrounds the core of cells to protect the DNA. This melanin substance absorbs and / or scatters radiation. In addition, exposure to ultraviolet light thickens the epidermis (the top skin layer), thereby limiting the amount of UV which could penetrate the lower skin layers. If this photo-protection (base tan) is not developed or a sunscreen is not used, sunburn can occur and the DNA of the skin cells may become damaged. Repeated sunburn can result in damaged cells. Therefore, it’s wise to use a broadband sunscreen while exposed over a prolonged period of time or in sun-intensive regions. Skin damage may occur if a person overexposes the skin to UV or combines exposure indoors with too much exposure to the natural sun. One should always be mindful of the dangers of overexposure, as it may lead to chronic skin damage. Your tan will disappear or fade over time without repeated exposure to UV light. This is because the pigmentation process occurs in the epidermis, the top skin layer. The epidermis replaces all its skin cells every 28 – 30 days. Cells in the inner portion of the top skin layer divide themselves, migrate to the surface, gradually die and slough off. Skin cells contain melanin which is darkened as a result of UV exposure. If a person stops tanning for an extended period of time, they will probably have to start at the beginning using the recommended exposure schedule for their skin type. Subsequent session times may be gradually increased, leaving at least 48 hours between each exposure. This schedule assumes, however, that no unusual reaction or sunburn occurs. If you decide to use a spray booth or self bronzer for that “immediate” tanned look, remember that these sources do not provide a natural barrier, or photo-protection, and will leave you susceptible to obtaining a sunburn when going outside or are otherwise exposed to UV light. Moderation is the key and always use an SPF when outside for extended periods of time.
Here are a few basic tanning tips before heading outside:
Are Sunbeds Safe? Sunbeds give out ultraviolet (UV) rays that can cause skin cancer. Many sunbeds give out greater doses of UV rays than the midday Mediterranean sun.
The risks are greater for young people. Evidence shows that:
It is now illegal for under-18s to use sunbeds. The Sunbeds (Regulation) Act, which came into force in April 2011, prevents those under 18 from:
UV rays from sunbeds. Sunbeds, sunlamps and tanning booths give out the same type of harmful radiation as sunlight:
A tan is your body's attempt to protect itself from the damaging effect of UV rays. Getting a tan using a sunbed is not safer than tanning in the sun. In some cases, it may be more harmful, depending on, for example:
Currently, there is no regulation that governs the type or strength of UV rays that sunbeds give out.
Damage from UV rays. Prolonged exposure to UV rays increases your risk of developing malignant melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer. You cannot always see the damage that UV rays cause. The symptoms of skin damage can take up to 20 years to appear. UV rays can also damage your eyes, by causing problems such as irritation, conjunctivitis or cataracts, particularly if you don’t wear goggles.
Advice about using sunbeds. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has issued advice on the health risks linked to UV tanning equipment, such as sunbeds, sunlamps and tanning booths. They recommend that you should not use UV tanning equipment if:
The HSE advice also includes important points to consider before you decide to use a sunbed. For example, if you do use a sunbed, the operator should advise you on your skin type and on how many minutes you should limit your session to.
'Are Sunbeds Safe' information from the NHS website.
Skin Types For Sunbed Tubes
|Description||Danger of Sunburn||Tanning||Natural protection|
|SKIN TYPE 1|
Light coloured eyesVery light complexionOften with freckles
|Extremely sensitiveImmediate sunburn2% of central Europeans||Tans very slowly(if at all)||5 - 10 minutes|
|SKIN TYPE 2|
|Blonde to brown hairBlue, green or grey eyesLight complexionOften with freckles||Sensitive
Almost always sunburn12% of central Europeans
|Light tan||10 - 20minutes|
|SKIN TYPE 3|
|Dark blonde to chestnut hairGrey or brown eyesMedium complexionVery few or no freckles||Normal sensitivitySometimes sunburn78% of central Europeans||Good tan provided skinis exposed to the sunstep by step||20 - 25 minutes|
|SKIN TYPE 4|
|Dark brown to black hairDark coloured eyesBrown or olive complexionNo freckles||Very resistant||Always Brownseldom burn||Approx 45 minutes|
Useful Links for Customers: (UK and US Sites)
Indoor Tanning Association, Inc. (ITA) - theita.com - A non-profit industry trade association promoting indoor suntanning and relevant scientific research, consumer education, and improved regulatory initiatives.
International Smart Tan Network - smarttan.com - A salon advocacy trade group selling 'Smart Tan' membership training and publicity program. Site offers interactive 'salon-finder' mapping feature, industry links, 'Smart Tan' program highlights, and subscription info for 'Tanning Trends' magazine.
Sunbed Tubes From GB Bulbs: